According to India media reports, in 2016, India air pollution continued to burst table, the unprecedented serious air pollution, to India has brought great challenges. In view of the increasing trend of pollution, the recent budget act in 2017, the India government introduced the most stringent measures to combat air pollution, trying to alleviate air pollution, the effect remains to be seen.
Haze days, air purifiers and masks sold out
The latest data released by the central Pollution Control Commission of India show that the 46 air pollution index detected by the Commission deteriorated in 2016, and none of them reached the safety limit. Compared to the previous two years, the air pollution in India reached the worst level, one of the most serious pollution in the city half of the state of Uttar Pradesh, Allahabad City, India ranked the most polluted city in the first, the capital of New Delhi in fourth. In the 10 most polluted cities, the annual average pollution index exceeded the allowable limit of 4 times. In the most polluted weather, the pollution index is 20 times the national air safety index in India standard, WHO standard of 60 times.
The serious air pollution in India usually occurs in December of each year to the next year in the year of January. However, in November last year, haze reached the extent of the burst table. Still remember the 7 day of the month, the reporter returned to Delhi from Sri Lanka business trip, the plane was close to Delhi region was surrounded by fog and haze. After the airport visibility is only about one hundred meters. Pre booked taxi driver Kumar told this reporter, if it is not scheduled a week ago, so he will not come out of the weather. At that time the haze PM2.5 detection value reached more than and 900.
After the reporter returned to residence, immediately to the mall to buy air purifiers and masks, found already sold out. Until a few days later to buy a mask, the price of up to 2000 rupees (about 200 yuan). "The India times" reported at the time that the price of the mask had risen from 90 rupees to RS more than 2 thousand, and could only be used once. The air purifier price rose 50%, but many stores have been sold out.
Imperfect public transport is also the cause of pollution
"India times" reported that Modi advocated "made in India", so that the industrial output value of India in 2020 accounted for about 25% of gdp. One side effect of the development of industry is the pollution. Oil refining factory, cement plant, rock breaking machine, hot mix plant caused by sulfur dioxide and soot over industrial production safety limit of more than 5 times. Food processing and chemical fertilizer plants emit acid vapor into the air. India is now a large part of the power rely on thermal power, a large number of coal-fired power stations throughout the country. India's Thermotics Inc is currently building 4 giant coal-fired power plants, each power plant consumes millions of tons of coal each year, resulting in fly ash, sulfur dioxide and hydrocarbons and other pollutants.
According to the India Times reported recently, the capital of New Delhi, the number of cars and tricycles has reached about 8000000, nearly 9 million vehicles.
In addition, near New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Bihar, every winter, farmers love burning crop fields as fertility measures, which caused by air pollution.
The India Centre for science and environment scholar C Manu Vanni told reporters that in early November the Diwali festival fireworks is also a factor. India is not yet perfect public transport system, construction activities, coal and thermal power stations and other emissions have not been well controlled, which is also an important reason.
Government launched air pollution grading response control plan
For the control of air quality in India, the central government launched a day before the air pollution classification response prevention and control plan, air pollution will be divided into "serious + / emergency" "serious" and "very poor" and "bad good" 4 levels, and different levels of implementation of the corresponding prevention and control measures according to the. As part of the India central government's air pollution control action, the next 20 years will be in the capital, New Delhi, will increase the monitoring of air pollution in the capital area. "India times" recently reported that the future of each district in New Delhi to add at least 3 monitoring stations.
Delhi government official said that the establishment of 20 monitoring stations have been started, the tender will begin in February. These stations will help the government to fully understand the situation of air pollution in New Delhi, especially when the deterioration of urban air quality in winter. Haryana will also set up 34 monitoring stations, 16 in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan 9. These stations can automatically detect sulfur dioxide, PM2.5 and PM10 pollution particles.
"India times" reported that the "serious emergency + /" level, will be banned in addition to important materials outside the core loading trucks into Delhi, stop construction, take the car to the single and double limit line, the relevant departments will have the right to take additional measures such as schools. For the "serious" level of pollution, brick kilns, gravel field will be ordered to shut down, shut down powe